ES/GE 320 - Mediterranean Oceanography

This course provides an overview of the main oceanographic and biological characteristics of the Mediterranean Sea, from the bathymetry, geology and chemistry of a semi-enclosed sea, to the environmental characteristics and ecological processes of different marine habitats and the current human-induced threats of climate change and invasive species. Through a broad range of topics, the course covers: (i) the particular oceanographic characteristics of the Mediterranean, with its unique chemical and hydrographic features resulting from a complex geological history and geographical position; (2) the factors affecting primary production in the Mediterranean and its consequences for fisheries and trophic chains across different ecosystems; (3) the main characteristics and ecological dynamics of the most emblematic Mediterranean ecosystems and; (4) the key challenges faced by the Mediterranean in the face of climate change, over-exploitation, pollution and invasive species. 


The course features a mandatory full-day excursion to the Delta del Ebro that will take place on a Friday.

Course Information


Environmental Studies

Term(s) Offered:




Language of instruction:


Contact Hours:




The World is Your Classroom

Take courses at our Centers abroad, directly enroll at a local partner university, or build a schedule with courses from both. Use the Course Finder to explore all the courses offered at our IES Abroad Centers. Additional course options at prestigious local universities are available on the program page and partner university websites.

Browse Our Courses