Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Therapy and Humanistic Psychology in Contemporary Culture

You are here

Course Information
Discipline(s): 
Psychology
Terms offered: 
Spring
Credits: 
3
Language of instruction: 
English
Contact Hours: 
45
Prerequisites: 

At least 1 introductory psychology course.

 

Description: 

This course assumes students have taken at least one introductory course in psychology and are generally familiar with the basic concepts of Freudian psychology. The course explores the state of medicine in 19th Century Viennese society to help students understand the culture in which Sigmund Freud laid the foundations of modern psychology. The ultimate goal of the course is to help students explore the relevance of psychoanalysis and its offshoots, such as existential psychology and psychodynamic psychotherapy to the issues that concern contemporary culture. The course invites students to address such questions as the following. Is psychoanalysis still a viable means of therapy in the 21st century? Can a psychoanalytical or psychodynamic perspective help resolve conflicts of contemporary life such as immigration and questions of cultural identity, gender, sexual orientation, etc? The course includes field study of historical sites relevant to the emergence of psychoanalysis in Vienna. Contemporary practitioners of psychoanalysis, psychodynamic therapy, and their detractors as humanistic psychology as developed in a Person Centred Approach by Carl R. Rogers are invited into the classroom to engage students in debate with practicing professionals.

Attendance policy: 

See IES Vienna attendance policy in IES Abroad student handbook

Learning outcomes: 

By the end of the course, students should be able to...

  • Know various approaches from classical Psychoanalysis and Existential Therapy.
  • Interpret one case study according to these basic theories.
  • Contribute with a carefully written statement of advantages and disadvantages of a specific approach to a case study or contemporary issues as immigration and cultural identity, gender, poverty.
Method of presentation: 
  • Lectures
  • Discussions
  • Video demonstrations
  • Excursions

 

Required work and form of assessment: 

Oral class presentation - 40%
Written midterm - 30%
Written final paper - 30%

content: 

1. A European and an American view to study personality, creativity and culture.

2. A critical comparison: Psychodynamic approach versus Existential / Humanistic approach.

3. A critical reflection of some results in recent cultural studies

4. The course includes a visit to Freud Museum, video demonstrations, and eventually a visit to Museum of Anatomy and Pathology (former - and 1st psychiatric clinic) and current exhibitions at the museum of history of medicine or eventually a crypt (Michaelergruft).

Session Content
1
  • Getting to know ourselves: Introduction to the seminar
  • Intro into Psychoanalysis. From 19th into the 21st century.
  • Freud [1918]: On creativity and the unconscious.
    Papers on the Psychology of Art, Literature, Love Religion.
  • Contributions to the Psychology of Love.
  • Harper & Row (1958), Taboo of Virginity (p.187-205)
2
  • Eros and Thanatos
  • Freud: Civilization and its discontents (p.45-70)
  • The Royal Road. In: Spinelli, E.: Tales of Un-Knowing (p.53-78)
3
  • Freud’s view on Culture and Art (Totem and Taboo) (p.1-20, p. 21-86)
  • John M. Shlien: A countertheory of transference. (p. 93 -119)
  • To lead an honourable life. (ed. Pete
  • Sanders) PCCS Books, Ross-on Wye, 2003
4
  • Gender and sexual orientation
  • Sexually driven or reasoning?
  • Freud: Contributions to the Psychology of Love. [1910], (162-186)
  • 3rd Viennese School of Psychoanalysis - Viktor Frankl: Man’s search of meaning. Logotherapy. In: Existential Therapies. Sage Publ. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi, 2006 (p.51-62)
5
  • The view of Otto Rank: The trauma of birth (p.51 – 98) “A much stronger repression than even infantile sexuality”.
  • Rank: Psychoanalysis as a cultural factor. (In: Kramer p.85-95)
  • A visit to the Freud Museum ??
6
  • Midterm Exam
  • In the second part of the class we focus on the Existential and Humanistic Therapy. In particular the work of Carl R. Rogers, Rollo May, Jerold Bozarth, Mick Cooper, Ernesto Spinelli and others.
  • Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
  • The Carl Rogers Reader Chapter 16 (p. 219-235). The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Personality Change
  • Chapter 27 A Therapist’s View of the Good Life: The Fully Functioning Person
  • Joseph, S. Worsley, R. A Positive Psychology of Mental Health: The person centred perspective. (p.348-358). In: Joseph, Worsley (eds.)
  • Video demonstration,
  • Empathy labs
7
  • Mick Cooper: Existential Philosophy. In: Existential Therapies. (p. 6-34)
  • Daseinsanalysis. In: Cooper op. cit. (p.35-50)
  • Maurice Friedman: Dialogue and the Human Image. Beyond Humanistic Psychology. Psychology as a Human Science. (p.9-34).
  • James Bugenthal. The Art of the Psychotherapist. Therapist Presence and the Alliance. In: Bugenthal,(p.49-66)
8
  • Poverty, Immigration, and Psychology: Mearns, Dave: Psychotherapy - The politics of liberation or collaboration? A career critically reviewed. In: Proctor, Gillian; Cooper, Mick; Sanders Pete; Malcolm Beryl (eds.)
  • Politicizing the person-centred approach. An agenda for social change. PCCS Books Ross-on-Wye, 2006 (p.127-142)
  • Stipsits, Reinhold: Transformation in Transilvania. In: Proctor, Gillian; Cooper, Mick; Sanders Pete; Malcolm Beryl (eds.).
  • Politicizing the person-centred approach. An agenda for social change. PCCS Books Ross-on-Wye, 2006 (p.244-253).
  • Imagine: Expression in the Service of Humanity. Special Edition: Journal of Humanistic Psychology. Volume 47 / 3, July 2007
  • current exhibition at the museum of history of medicine ??
9
  • Schneider, Kirk, J. Visions of Recovery: Social, Vocational, and Educational (p.57-86) In: Rediscovery of Awe. Splendor, mystery, and the fluid center of life. Paragon House, St. Paul, Minnesota, 2004
  • A return to Basics: Awe Based Education (p.87-110) In: Rediscovery of Awe. Splendor, mystery, and the fluid center of life. Paragon House, St. Paul, Minnesota, 2004
  • A visit to the Museum of Pathology ??
10
  • Alienation and the New Media
  • Alienation, the Self and Television: Psychological Life in Mass Culture. In: Classics in Humanistic Psychology.
  • Sanders, Pete; The Spectacular Self: Alienation as the lifestyle choice of a free world, endorsed by psychotherapists (p. 95-114). In: politicizing the person-centred approach. an agenda for social change. Proctor, Cooper, Sanders, Malcolm (eds.).
  • A Life divided. In: Spinelli E. p.137-160
11
  • Jean Houston: Myths of the Future. In: Classics in Humanistic Psychology. (p.43-58)
  • Transpersonal Psychology: Self as Spirit, Self as Miracle, Self as Other Vile Bodies. In: Spinelli, E. p. 29-52
12
  • Final Exam

 

 

Required readings: 

Cooper, Mick
Existential Therapies. Sage Publ. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi, 2006 (p.6-35), (p.35-50), (P.51-62), (P.63-90)
Freud, Sigmund
On creativity and the unconscious. Papers on the Psychology of Art, Literature, Love Religion. Contributions to the Psychology of Love. Harper & Row (1958) [1910], [1918], (p.162-205) Civilization and its Discontents. Penguin Books, London 2002 [1930],(p.45-70)
Totem and Taboo. Routledge, London, New York, 2006 [1913] The Horror of Incest (p.1-20)
Taboo and Emotional Ambivalence (p.21-86)
Kirschenbaum, Henderson(eds.)
The Carl Rogers Reader
Chapter 16 (p. 219-235). The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Personality Change
Chapter 27 A Therapist´s View of the Good Life: The Fully Functioning PersonKirschenbaum, Howard
The Life and Work of Carl R. Rogers. PCCS Books. Ross-on Wye, 2003
Rank, Otto
The trauma of birth and its importance for psychoanalytic therapy (p.78-84).
Psychoanalysis as a cultural factor (p.85-95) In: A Psychology of Difference. The American Lectures. Selected, edited and introduced by Robert Kramer. With a foreword by Rollo May. Princeton, University Press New Jersey. 1996
Spinelli, Ernest
Tales of Un-Knowing. Eight Stories of Existential Therapy. New York University Press. 1997