The aim of this course is to promote dis‐course between various modes human beings try to make sense of the world and themselves. We will adopt a basically “New Historicist” perspective to watch the interaction, from the middle of the 19th century to the 21st, between cultural phenomena, historical consciousness, prevailing ideologies and literature. In the East‐European region, literature and fiction are especially interesting as they have often tried to refuse to be blind perpetuators of consciousness, fashioning themselves rather as disruptive and subversive forces, as major forms of resistance. We will read, in a rich historical, cultural, ideological and comparative context mainly Hungarian pieces but we will also take a look at other East‐European countries (Russia, Poland, former Czechoslovakia, Romania and Serbia) as well, and we will ask if an aesthetic reading of literature is still possible. The range of literary genres is equally wide: short‐stories, poems, dramas and two short novels (one by first Hungarian Noble‐prize winner, Imre Kertész) will feature on the reading list. The course will consider creative pieces (poems, short‐stories or mini‐dramas) as highly adequate responses to the literature under discussion and, thus, instead of a midterm, a creative piece might be handed in, yet this will by no means be compulsory.