This course covers the anthropological work on gender and family in Japan from the post war to the contemporary period. For many, Japan represents a sweeping stereotype of old or extreme gender norms vis-à-vis Euro-American contemporary gender norms and manifestations. Such stereotypes are employed not only by outsiders to critique the society ethnocentrically, but also by some natives as well. We will move between historical and contemporary definitions of gender and family to introduce change and continuity of gendered life ways in contemporary Japan. By identifying these stereotypes and also critically question what gender/family means and how it is being shaped in and shaping contemporary Japan, the course will offer an entry into theories of gender studies and also introduce tools to critically analyze cultural differences and gender differences while at the same time learning more about Japanese society.