The Radical Tradition of Chile, Argentina, and Peru

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Course Information
Discipline(s): 
Political Science
History
Terms offered: 
Spring
Credits: 
3
Language of instruction: 
Spanish
Contact Hours: 
45
Prerequisites: 

At least one social science course: History, Economics, International Relations, Latin-American studies, Law, or Sociology

Description: 

“The Radical Tradition of Chile, Argentina and Peru” offers students a critical and analytical perspective of the history in Chile and Latin America during the XIX and XX centuries. Students will gain understanding of the development and history of republics in Latin America leading up to democracy. Democracy has had different interpretations and nuances that are explained by the tensions and conflicts that were characteristic of this period. The course will incorporate an interdisciplinary perspective in the Social Sciences in order for students to gain a global and comprehensive vision of historical events, patterns, and phenomena that shape current key South American national and regional identities.

Attendance policy: 

Attendance and punctuality are mandatory for all IES Abroad classes, including course-related excursions. Any exams, tests, presentations, or other work missed due to student absences can only be rescheduled in cases of documented medical or family emergencies.

If a student misses more than 1.5 classes (for courses taught once a week) or 2.5 classes (for courses taught twice a week) in any course, the final grade will be reduced by one-third of a letter grade (for example, A- to B+) for every additional unexcused absence. Six absences in any course will result in a failing grade.

Punctuality: Students who are late to class will receive a .5 absence. Arriving in class more than 15 minutes late will result in 1 absence.

Learning outcomes: 

By the end of the semester the student should be able to:

  • Understand the general foundations and patterns founds in the history of Latin America during the XIX and XX Century.
  • Recognize how this history has formed current national and regional identities, as well as identify shifts and changes from the Spanish colonial era to that of the current Republics.
  • Identify the trajectory as well as essential principles and values of the Catholic Church in Latin America both historically and today.
  • Evaluate the ideological tensions that happened during the formation of the Latin American state during the XIX and XX Century.
  • Express a personal position regarding the democratic process in Latin America.
  • Evaluate the political, social and economic conditions that have favored conflict as a means in the development of the Latin American state.
  • Identify the relevant elements of political imprisonment and torture in Latin America.
Method of presentation: 

The course includes:

  • lectures
  • debates
  • daily reading assignments
  • online discussion topics
  • in-class analysis of written and audio-visual material
  • field studies

Methodology:

  • Written material is analyzed in class to compliment the compulsory readings, allowing students to reflect on specific issues of the colonial and republic era.
  • Required readings are assigned with prompts and question sets, and the class will devote extensive time to discussions, debate, and in-depth analysis of the assignments.
  • Field studies, mainly to traditional museums or Museos de sitios, to increase students' comprehension of the main issues studied during the course.
  • This course is designed to contribute to students’ intercultural development through reflection, critical analysis, and debate.
Field study: 
  • Del Carmen Museum
  • Casa Eduardo Frei Montalva’ and museum
  • Salvador Allende Solidarity Museum
  • Parque por la Paz Villa Grimaldi
  • Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos
Required work and form of assessment: 

Individual:

  • Textual Analysis - 21%
  • Midterm - 20%
  • Forum in Moodle - 9%
  • Participation - 5%

Group, 2-3 students:

  • Oral Presentation - 5%
  • Final Project - 30%

Textual Analysis: At the beginning of every class, we will discuss the text in groups, students are expected to form an opinion and contribute. Students will have the option of replacing one reading report for an activity related to the theme of the text. For more information, please refer to the class content.

Midterm exam: In essay format, students will address questions related to class concepts, required readings, and field studies.  Students will be required to give specific details students will reflect on their experience during a field study. Concepts learned in class.

Moodle Forum: Through the Moodle platform, students will debate about controversial and current issues. The instructor will present an open question allowing students to argue in a constructive and rich dialogue, through strong arguments and counter arguments.  Students will have access to a rubric outlining expectations and grading criteria.

Oral Presentation: The instructor will assign an extensive reading to each group, who will then have to respond critically to the text. The presentation has to show the outstanding aspects of the text, with the purpose of explaining the main theme of the document.  The students also will lead the group in a discussion of the topic as it relates to class concepts and previously studied materials.

Final Project: Students will be required to create an audiovisual project related to one of the primary theoretical foci of the course and how it manifests itself historically and/or across nations. These videos will be presented at the end of the course.

content: 

Session

Content

Assignment

Session 1

Unit I: XIX Century: Between the construction of the state and the identity creation

1.1 Continuity of changes- Empire and republic in Latin America: the general characteristics of Colonial times in Latin America and the institutional changes implied by the revolutions for independence

Collier, Simón y William Sater, Historia de Chile: 1808 – 1994. Cambridge University Press, Madrid, España, 1998, pp. 3 to 31.

Session 2

1.2 Church and state in Latin America: the influence of the Catholicism in the culture configuration of Latin America

Gálvez, Lucía, ¿Cómo Dios manda? Iglesia, Masonería y Estado en la Argentina. Grupo Editorial Norma, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2006, pp. 61 - 74 y 113 - 134.

Text Analysis I

Field Study: Del Carmen Museum Visit

Session 3

1.3 Post- Independence in Chile and Argentina-Between Conservatism and Political Experimentation: the state conformation process from the consolidation of the elite as dominant social group

Rouquié, Alain, A la sombra de las Dictaduras. Fondo de Cultura Económica, Argentina, 2011, pp. 17 - 50

Text Analysis 2

Documentary: Héroes (must be viewed before class)

Session 4

1.4 General characteristics of the republican order during the XIX Century: the most relevant structural characteristics of the Chilean republic during the XIX Century

Ruiz Schneider, Carlos, De la República al mercado. Ideas educacionales y política en Chile. LOM Ediciones, Santiago de Chile, 2010, pp. 15 - 39.

Written Exam Deadline

Session 5

Unit II: “Caudillismos” and Populism: Leadership in Latin America

2.1 “Caudillism” and Populism-Conceptual Aspects: the characteristics of Latin American “caudillismo” and populism as transversal and historical phenomena of the region

Benavente, Andrés y Julio Cirino, La Democracia Defraudada. Editorial Grito Sagrado, Argentina, 2005, pp. 21 a 34.

Rouquié, Alain, A la sombra de las Dictaduras. Fondo de Cultura Económica, Argentina, 2011, pp. 78 a 88.

Text Analysis 3

Documentary: El show de Hugo Chávez (must be viewed before class)

Session 6

2.2 Case I-Arturo Alessandri Palma: the populist characteristics of Arturo Alessandri Palma’s government

Pinto, Julio y Verónica Valdivia, ¿Revolución proletaria o querida chusma? Socialismo y Alessandrismo en la pugna por la proletarización pampina (1911 – 1932), Capítulo 3, LOM, Santiago, 2001, 105 a 151.

Text Analysis 4

Documentary: Nuestro Siglo (must be viewed before class)

Session 7

2.3 Case II-Juan Domingo Perón: the “caudillistas” and populist characteristics of Juan Domingo Perón’s government and the causes that triggered the military dictatorship

Benavente, Andrés y Julio Cirino, La Democracia Defraudada. Editorial Grito Sagrado, Argentina, 2005, pp. 69 a 82.

Audiovisual material on Eva Perón (must be viewed before class)

Session 8

2.4 Case III-Eduardo Frei Montalva: the populist characteristics of Eduardo Frei Montalva´s government as background for the institutional breakdown for the 1973, September 11th Coup d'état

Correa, Sofía, Historia del Siglo XX Chileno. Editorial Sudamericana, Santiago, 2001, pp. 238 a 245 y 253 a 261.

Text Analysis 5

Field Study: Visit Casa Eduardo Frei Montalva’ and museum

Session 9

IES CLASS: Share experiences and points of view around a specific topic that is relevant to the intercultural development of IES Abroad Santiago students

 
Session 10

Women in the XX Century: the role of women throughout the XX Century

Pinto, Julio (Ed.) Mujeres. Historias chilenas del siglo XX. LOM Ediciones, Santiago, 2011, selección de capítulos.

Oral presentations

Session 11

Unit III: Forms of Terrorism

3.1 State Terrorism in Latin America-The dictatorship in Chile: background information of the causes and facts for the shaping of military dictatorships in Latin America

Winn, Peter, “Por la Razón o por la Fuerza”. Estados Unidos y Chile en la América Latina de los Años Sesenta y Setenta”. En Francisco Zapata (ED), (2006), Frágiles Suturas. FCE, Santiago de Chile, 2006, pp. 35 a 57

Text Analysis 6

Documentary: Campamento Nueva Habana

Field Study: Visit Salvador Allende Solidarity Museum

Session 12

3.2 State Terrorism- Political Imprisonment and Torture in Chile and Argentina: the characteristics of State as the base for the systematic human rights violations in Chile

Reszczynski, Katia, Paz Rojas y Patricia Barceló, Tortura y Resistencia en Chile, Ediciones Radio Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, 2013, pp. 123 a 164.

Field Study: Visit parque por la Paz Villa Grimaldi

Field Study II: Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos

Session 13

3.3 Terrorism as a political project-The case of Shining Path in Peru: the political-terrorist characteristics of Shining Path organization

De Gregori, Carlos Iván, “Discurso y Violencia Política en Sendero Luminoso”. En Inst. Francais Etudes Andines Nº 29, 2000.

Bonilla, Heraclio, “Sendero Luminoso en la encrucijada política del Perú”, En Nómadas, N° 19, 2003, Universidad Central, Colombia, pp. 58 a 65.

Session 14

3.4 Neoliberalism in Chile-a new form of terrorism? : the conditions that allowed neoliberalism in Chile to become a long term development model

Gárate, Manuel, La Revolución Capitalista de Chile, 1973 – 2003, Santiago de Chile: Ediciones Universidad Alberto Hurtado, 2012, pp. 181 a 252

Text Analysis 7

Documentary: La doctrina del Shock

Session 15

Presentation of final projects: developing a critical and creative judgment of the semester though an audiovisual production

 
Required readings: 
  • Benavente, Andrés y Julio Cirino, La Democracia Defraudada. Editorial Grito Sagrado, Argentina, 2005.
  • Bonilla, Heraclio, “Sendero Luminoso en la encrucijada política del Perú”, En Nómadas, N° 19, 2003, Universidad Central, Colombia, pp. 58 a 65.
  • Collier, Simón y William Sater, Historia de Chile: 1808 – 1994. Madrid, España: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Correa, Sofía, Historia del Siglo XX Chileno. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Sudamericana, 2001.
  • De Gregori, Carlos Iván (2000), “Discurso y Violencia Política en Sendero Luminoso”. En Inst. Francais Etudes Andines Nº 29
  • Gárate, Manuel, La Revolución Capitalista de Chile, 1973 – 2003, Santiago de Chile: Ediciones Universidad Alberto Hurtado, 2012.
  • Gálvez, Lucía, ¿Cómo Dios manda? Iglesia, Masonería y Estado en la Argentina. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Grupo Editorial Norma, 2006.
  • Pinto, Julio (Ed.) Mujeres. Historias chilenas del siglo XX. LOM Ediciones, Santiago, 2011.
  • Pinto, Julio y Verónica Valdivia, ¿Revolución proletaria o querida chusma? Socialismo y Alessandrismo en la pugna por la proletarización pampina (1911 – 1932), Capítulo 3, LOM, Santiago, 2001.
  • Reszczynski, Katia, Paz Rojas y Patricia Barceló, Tortura y Resistencia en Chile, Ediciones Radio Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, 2013.
  • Rouquié, Alain, A la sombra de las Dictaduras. Argentina: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2011.
  • Ruiz Schneider, Carlos, De la República al mercado. Ideas educacionales y política en Chile. LOM Ediciones, Santiago de Chile, 2010.
  • Winn, Peter, “Por la Razón o por la Fuerza”. Estados Unidos y Chile en la América Latina de los Años Sesenta y Setenta”. En Francisco Zapata (ED), Frágiles Suturas. FCE, Santiago de Chile, 2006.