The U.S. and North Africa

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Course Information
Discipline(s): 
Political Science
International Relations
Terms offered: 
Spring
Credits: 
3
Language of instruction: 
English
Prerequisites: 

None

Additional student cost: 

None

Contact Hours: 
45
Description: 

The purpose of the course is to explore the evolution of the U.S. - North Africa relations, and to examine the challenges confronting the future of these relationships in post 9-11 era. The course will cover the main critical issues including U.S. and the Western Sahara conflict, the war on Terror, trade policy and oil investments, Democracy promotion, the Middle East tensions and the U.S. policy in the Maghreb, Anti-Americanism. Also the course will address the interaction between international actors and the regional politics.     

Attendance policy: 
  Class attendance is mandatory in accordance with IES Abroad Rabat attendance policy in the Student Handbook.
Learning outcomes: 

By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • Understand the main factor that shapes the evolution of the US-North Africa relations.
  • Address the goals dominate the U.S. foreign policy in the region and to discuss  the interaction between these goals and the interests of the countries of North Africa
  • Examine the main trends of divergence and convergence of North African countries in their relations with the U.S.   
  • Learn how to evaluate the U.S. foreign policy toward North Africa, and to understand the interaction between different actors in the foreign policy-making process in U.S. and how it influences the policy toward North Africa.
  • Compare the role of U.S. in North Africa with other International actors.    
Method of presentation: 

Lectures, Discussions, and Student Presentations, case studies, field visits to political organizations and state institutions.

Required work and form of assessment: 
  • Participation - 10%
  • Presentations - 20%
  • Midterm Exam - 25%
  • Final term paper (3000 words) - 20%
  • Final exam - 25%

Participation
Student attendance is mandatory. If a student is absent more than one week without a valid excuse, an F grade will automatically apply to her/his overall class grade.  All students are expected to have read the assigned readings and come to class prepared for active participation and discussion. The participation grade is an assessment of student’s active listening and verbal involvement in class discussions: explanation, commentary, and questions/responses roles. For that purpose, attendance, participation, and oral presentations will be awarded 10% each of the overall evaluation.

Presentations
Students will have to give an individual 10 minute power point presentation on a topic related to the readings. The use of data, maps, and personal comments is required. 

Book Chapters and Articles Review and Presentations
All students are invited to review and present at least one reference from the mandatory reading list related to the course topics during the semester. The reviews should include a summary of the article or chapter of book and its main arguments and situate it in the literature covering international phenomena related to the U. S., and North African Politics and Relations.

Midterm and Final Exams
There will be two exams during the semester with the grade value of 25% each of the overall grade.

Final Term Paper
Students will also complete one Final term paper in week 10 graded at 20% based on a topic approved by the instructor in week 6. A description in approximately 100 words is required.

 

content: 
Week Topic Content
1 History of U.S. - North African Relation
  • Introduction to the course: Organization, weekly planning, readings and presentations calendar, exams expectations and format, grading policy, and final papers methodology.
  • Gallagher, Charles F. The United States and North Africa: Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963.
  • Parker, Richard Bordeaux Uncle Sam in Barbary: a diplomatic history Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, c2004.
  • Jerome B. Bookin-Weiner. The Atlantic Connections: 200 years of Moroccan American Relations 1778-1986: Origins of Moroccan American Relations: 19-55, Rabat, Morocco: Edino Press, 1990. Ch 2 and 5.
  • Mohamed Abu-Talib. Morocco and the American Civil War.
2 Decision Making Processes of U.S. Foreign Policy toward North Africa
  • Tony Smith. Foreign Attachments … The Power of Ethnic Groups in the Making of American Foreign Policy.
  • Spencer, Claire. The Maghreb in the 1990s: political and economic developments in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, London: Brassey's for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1993.
  • Yahia H. Zoubir and Stephen Zunes "United States policy in the Maghreb" in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, c1999. 
3 American Engagement in North Africa
  • Bernard Baylis. Potomac INSTITUTE for Policy Studies and the Conflict Management Program the Johns Hopkins University (SAIS) Why the Maghreb Matters: Threats, Opportunities, and Options for Effective American Engagement in North Africa, North Africa Policy Paper Project, Co‐Chairs by Ambassador Stuart Eizenstatd and I. William Zartman, March 2009, Arlington, VA.
4 American Engagement in North Africa
  • Colton, Nora Ann "The Maghrebi economies as emerging markets?" in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999.
  • Cordesman, Anthony H. The Geopolitics and Security Dimensions of Middle Eastern and North African Energy Exports, Washington, DC:  Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004
  • Raymond J. Ahearn. Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. Library of Congress, 2005.
  • Field Trip to Popular Movement Party Headquarters/Parliament Group
5

The U.S. security policy and North African Challenges (Guest Speaker: Mokhtar Ghambou)

  • Volman, Daniel "Foreign arms sales and the military balance" in the Maghreb: in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt. Publisher:  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999.
  • Dris, Cherif. "Rethinking Maghrebi Security: The Challenge of Multilateralism" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt.  London; New York: Routledge, 2008. Chaptre12.
  • Henry, Clement M. "Reverberations in the Central Maghreb of the "Global War on Terror"" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt, London; New York: Routledge, 2008. Chapter 14.
6 Islamism and U.S. Foreign Policy in North Africa
  • Carothers Thomas and Marina Ottaway (Ed.), Uncharted Journey: Promotion Democracy in the Middle East, Washington, DC. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2005, Chap. 11.
  • Hibbard, Scott W. and David Little. Islamic Activism and U.S. Foreign Policy Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1997.
  • Michele Dunne. Integrating Democracy into the U.S. Policy Agenda
  • Jeremy M. Sharp. U.S. Democracy Promotion Policy in the Middle East: The Islamist Dilemma CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2006.
  • Zoubir, Yahia H. "United States, Islamism, Terrorism, and Democracy in the Maghreb: The Predominance of Security?" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt. London; New York: Routledge, 2008.  Chapter 13.
  • United States. Congress House Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. policy challenges in North Africa: hearing before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, June 6, 2007.Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 2007.
7 U.S. and the Conflict of Western Sahara
  • Richard B. Parker "U.S. Strategic Interests and the War in the Western Sahara" "  in International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict Edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Daniel Volman , Foreword by Mervyn M. Dymally. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1993. 
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Western Sahara: Status of Settlement Efforts CRS Report for Congress, RS20962, Congressional Research Service, Washington. DC: The Library of Congress. 2008.
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Western Sahara: Status of Settlement Efforts CRS Report for Congress, RS20962, Congressional Research Service, Washington. DC:   The Library of Congress. August 19, 2009.
  • Zunes, Stephen, “The United States in the Saharan War: A case of Law Intensity Intervention”, in International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict, Edited by Yahia Zoubir and Daniel Volman, New York: Praeger Publishers, 1993.  
8 Midterm Exam  
9 Case study: Morocco and Tunisia
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Morocco: Current Issues. CRS Report for Congress, RS21579, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2010.
  • Jack Kalpakian. Managing Morocco’s Image in the United States Domestic Politics, The Journal of North African Studies. Vol. 11. N° 1. March 2006.
  • Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, Ethno-Politics and the Globalization in North Africa: the Berber Culture Movement, The Journal of North African Studies. Vol. 11. N° 1. March 2006.
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Morocco: Current Issues CRS Report for Congress, RS21666, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2009.
  • Marwan Muasher. Tunisian Crisis and the Arab World, Q&A/ Arab Politics, Carnegie Middle East Center, January 24, 2011.
  • Alexis Arieff, Political Transition in Tunisia, CRS Report for Congress, RS21666, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2011.
10 Final Papers submission and discussion  
11 Libyan crisis and the US
  • Christopher Blanchard: M. Libya: Background and U.S. Relations. CRS Report for Congress, RL33142, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2009.
  • St. John. Ronald Bruce, Libya and the United States: two centuries of Strife Philadelphia, Chapter 7: Regan Agonistes, pp: 121-151, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania University Press, 2002.
  • St. John. Ronald Bruce, Libya and the United States: two centuries of Strife Philadelphia, Chapter 8: Regan Agonistes, pp: 121-151, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania University Press, 2002, pp: 264 pp
12 The Middle East Crisis and their Impacts on U.S. North African Relations
  • Anoushiravan Ehteshami. Globalization and International Politics of the Greater Middle East.
  • OttawaMarina & Nathan J. Brown & Amr Hamzawy and Others. Dealing with The New Middle East, Washington, DC. Carnegie Middle East Center, 2008.
  • Field Trip to the Parliament.
13 The Arab Spring and the United States. Guest Speaker: Maâti Monjib)
  • Lisa Anderson, “Demystifying the Arab Spring Parsing the Differences Between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya,” HeinOnline - 90 Foreign Affairs 2 2011, pp.1-7
  • Marion Dixon, An Arab Spring, Review of African Political Economy, 38:128, pp: 309-316.
  • Alfred Hermida, Sourcing the Arab Spring, April 2012
  • International Group Crisis, Popular Protest in North Africa and Middle East, Making sense of Libya, Report N° 207, June 2011.
  • Mohsine El Ahmadi and Aziz Radi: Morocco’s February 20th Movement: Has This Protest Movement Petered Out” in Mohsine El Ahmadi and Stuart Schaar (eds), Birth of the Arab Citizen and the Changing Middle East. Northampton, MA: Interlink Publishing, March 2014.
14 Overview and Final Exam  

 

Required readings: 
  • Gallagher, Charles F. The United States and North Africa: Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963.
  • Parker, Richard Bordeaux Uncle Sam in Barbary: a diplomatic history Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, c2004.
  • Jerome B. Bookin-Weiner. The Atlantic Connections: 200 years of Moroccan American Relations 1778-1986: Origins of Moroccan American Relations: 19-55, Rabat, Morocco: Edino Press, 1990. Ch 2 and 5.
  • Mohamed Abu-Talib. Morocco and the American Civil War
  • Tony Smith. Foreign Attachments … The Power of Ethnic Groups in the Making of American Foreign Policy.
  • Spencer, Claire. The Maghreb in the 1990s: political and economic developments in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, London: Brassey's for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1993.
  • Yahia H. Zoubir and Stephen Zunes "United States policy in the Maghreb" in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, c1999.
  • Bernard Baylis. Potomoac Institute For Policy Studies and the Conflict Management Program The Johns Hopkins University (SAIS) Why the Maghreb Matters: Threats, Opportunities, and Options for Effective American Engagement in North Africa, North Africa Policy Paper Project, Co‐Chairs by Ambassador Stuart Eizenstatd and I. William Zartman, March 2009, Arlington, VA.
  • Colton, Nora Ann "The Maghrebi economies as emerging markets?" in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999.
  • Cordesman, Anthony H. The Geopolitics and Security Dimensions of Middle Eastern and North African Energy Exports, Washington, DC:  Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004
  • Raymond J. Ahearn. Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. Library of Congress, 2005.
  • Volman, Daniel "Foreign arms sales and the military balance" in the Maghreb: in North Africa in transition: state, society, and economic transformation in the 1990s edited by Yahia H. Zoubir; foreword by William B. Quandt. Publisher:  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999.
  • Dris, Cherif. "Rethinking Maghrebi Security: The Challenge of Multilateralism" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt.  London; New York: Routledge, 2008. Chaptre 12.
  • Henry, Clement M. "Reverberations in the Central Maghreb of the "Global War on Terror"" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt, London; New York: Routledge, 2008. Chapter 14.
  • Carothers Thomas and Marina Ottaway (Ed.), uncharted Journey: Promotion Democracy in the Middle East, Washington, DC. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2005, Chap. 11.
  • Hibbard, Scott W. and David Little. Islamic Activism and U.S. Foreign Policy Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1997.
  • Michele Dunne. Integrating Democracy into the U.S. Policy Agenda
  • Jeremy M. Sharp. U.S. Democracy Promotion Policy in the Middle East: The Islamist Dilemma CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2006.
  • Zoubir, Yahia H. "United States, Islamism, Terrorism, and Democracy in the Maghreb: The Predominance of Security?" in North Africa: politics, region, and the limits of transformation, edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Haizam Amirah-Fernandez; foreword by William B. Quandt. London; New York: Routledge, 2008.  Chapter 13.
  • United States. Congress House Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. policy challenges in North Africa: hearing before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, June 6, 2007.Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 2007.
  • Richard B. Parker "U.S. Strategic Interests and the War in the Western Sahara" "  in International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict Edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and Daniel Volman , Foreword by Mervyn M. Dymally. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1993. 
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Western Sahara: Status of Settlement Efforts CRS Report for Congress, RS20962, Congressional Research Service, Washington. DC: The Library of Congress. 2008.
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Western Sahara: Status of Settlement Efforts CRS Report for Congress, RS20962, Congressional Research Service, Wash. DC: The Library of Congress. Aug 19, 2009.
  • Zunes, Stephen, “The United States in the Saharan War: A case of Law Intensity Intervention”, in International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict, Edited by Yahia Zoubir and Daniel Volman, New York: Praeger Publishers, 1993. 
  • Jürgen Rüland, “The U.S Policy towards the Global South after September 11, 2001.” PP: 231-253.
  • Zoubir, Yahia H. and Louisa At-hamadouche "Anti-Americanism in North Africa: Could state relations overcome popular resentment?" in The Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 11, Issue 1 March 2006 , pp: 35–54.
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Morocco: Current Issues. CRS Report for Congress, RS21579, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2010.
  • Jack Kalpakian. Managing Morocco’s Image in the United States Domestic Politics, The Journal of North African Studies. Vol. 11. N° 1. March 2006.
  • Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, Ethno-Politics and the Globalization in North Africa: the Berber Culture Movement, The Journal of North African Studies. Vol. 11. N° 1. March 2006.
  • Migdalovitz, Carol Morocco: Current Issues CRS Report for Congress, RS21666, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2009.
  • Marwan Muasher. Tunisian Crisis and the Arab World, Q&A/ Arab Politics, Carnegie Middle East Center, January 24, 2011.
  • Alexis Arieff, Political Transition in Tunisia, CRS Report for Congress, RS21666, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2011.
  • Carol Migdalovitz. Algeria: Current Issues. Yahia H. Zoubir. The Dialectics of Algeria’s Foreign Relations, 1992 to the Present.
  • Christopher Blanchard: M. Libya: Background and U.S. Relations. CRS Report for Congress, RL33142, Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC. The Library of Congress, 2009.
  • St. John. Ronald Bruce, Libya and the United States: two centuries of Strife Philadelphia, Chapter 7: Regan Agonistes, pp: 121-151, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania University Press, 2002.
  • St. John. Ronald Bruce, Libya and the United States: two centuries of Strife Philadelphia, Chapter 8: Regan Agonistes, pp: 121-151, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania University Press, 2002, pp: 264 pages.
  • Anoushiravan Ehteshami. Globalization and International Politics of the Greater Middle East.
  • Ottaway Marina & Nathan J. Brown & Amr Hamzawy and Others. Dealing with The New Middle East, Washington, DC. Carnegie Middle East Center, 2008.