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Course Information
Discipline(s): 
Political Science
Terms offered: 
Fall
Credits: 
3
Language of instruction: 
English
Prerequisites: 

None

Additional student cost: 

None

Contact Hours: 
45
Description: 

This course will examine the politics and intra-regional relations of the Maghreb states: Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. It will focus on post-independence state building, the role of political parties, the rise of Islamism, the rise of identity politics, the role of civil society actors as well as the changing faces of authoritarianism in the region. It will also look at inter-state politics and the impact of the Western Sahara conflict on regional relations and cooperation. 

Attendance policy: 

Class attendance is compulsory. Each student will be allowed only two unexcused absences throughout the course. For each unexcused absence beyond this there will be a reduction in the final grade. Students who are late to class on a regular basis will also receive a reduction in their final grade and/or disciplinary action.

Students should not exceed 2 absences in each (45 hours) content course.
Students should not exceed 4 absences in the (90 hours) Arabic language course.

Any additional absence would lower the grades as follows:
1 more absence = will lower the final grade by 5 %
2 more absences= will lower the final grade by 10 %
3 more absences = will lower the grade by 15 %
4 more absences = will lower the grade by 20 %

Any additional absences will continue to lower the final grade by 5% increments. 

Learning outcomes: 

By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • Understand in depth the political regimes in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia,
  • Discuss the obstacles to regime change in the region,
  • Understand the similarities and specificities of the region’s politics,
  • Compare common themes with politics in the Middle East such as the rise of Islamism. 
Method of presentation: 

Lectures, discussions, student presentations. 

Required work and form of assessment: 
  • Attendance and participation - 15%
  • In-class midterm exam - 30%
  • Research paper 8 -10 pages due by week 10 - 20%
  • Final exam - 35%
content: 
Session Topic Content
1 Post independence state building
  • John Ruedy, Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.
  • Azzedine Layachi, Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria.
2 Post independence state building
  • William Eagleton, The Islamic Republic of Mauritania,  Middle East Journal, Vol. 19, Winter 1965, pp: 45-53.
  • Hella Pick, Independent Mauritania, the World Today, Vol. 17, N° 4, pp: 145-153.
3

Role of political parties in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Frank Tachau (editor), Political Parties of the Middle East and North Africa, London: Mansell 1994.
  • Clement Henry Moore, ‘Political Parties’ in I. William Zartman and William Mark Habeeb (Editors), Polity and Society in Contemporary North Africa (Boulder: Westview, 1993).
  • Michael J. Willis, ‘Political Parties in the Maghreb: Ideology and Identification: A Suggested Typology’, the Journal of North African Studies (Volume 7, Number 3, 2002).
  • Rkia El-Mossadeq, ‘Political Parties and Power Sharing’ in I. William Zartman (Editor), The Political Economy of Morocco (Praeger, New York, 1987).                                                                                                                               
4 Political participation and elections
  • Milbrath, Lester W. Political Participation: How and Why Do People Get Involved in Politics? Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971.
  • Ellen Lust-Okar, and Zerhouni Saloua, Political Participation in the Middle East, (Boulder: Lynne Rienner 2008). 
5 Political participation and elections
  • Malika Zeghal, Islamism in Morocco: Religion, Authoritarianism, and Electoral Politics, Markus Wiener Publishers, Princeton, Princeton Publications.
6

Amazigh identity in the Maghreb

  • David Crawford, ‘Morocco’s Invisible Imazighen’ The Journal of North African Studies (Volume 7, Number 1, Spring 2002).
  • Azzedine Layachi, ‘The Berbers in Algeria: politicized Ethnicity and Ethnicized Politics’ in Maya Shatzmiller (Editor), Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies, McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston, 2005
7 Review and Midterm exam  
8 Political openings and regime maintenance
  • Volker Perthes, “Politics and Elite Change in the Arab World,” In Volker Perthes (ed.), Arab Elites: Negotiating the Politics of Change, Boulder: Lynne Rienner 2004
  • Andrew R. Smith and Fadoua Loudiyi, Testing the Red Line: On the Liberalization of Speech in Morocco, Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. N° 27 (Aug., 2005), pp: 1069-1119
  • Abdeslam Maghraoui, “Democratization in the Arab World: Depoliticization in Morocco,” Journal of Democracy (13, 2002 (4): 24–32).
  • Bruce-Maddy Weitzman, Women, Islam and the Moroccan State: The Struggle over the personal status Laws, Middle East Journal, Vol. 59, N° 3, pp: 393-410.
9 Papers Submission and Discussion  
10 Regional relations, Africa and Sahel Sahara, Mediterranean Area and the Middle East
  • Zaki Laïdi, Stability and Partnership in the Maghreb, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol., 481 (September 1985), pp: 127-137.
  • Yahia H. Zoubir, The Western Sahara Conflict: Regional and International Dimensions, The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 28, N° 2, (June 1990) pp: 225-243.
11 North African Arab Spring
  • Lisa Anderson, “Demystifying the Arab Spring Parsing the Differences Between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya,” HeinOnline - 90 Foreign Affairs 2 2011, pp.1-7
  • Marion Dixon, An Arab Spring, Review of African Political Economy, 38:128, pp: 309-316.
  • Alfred Hermida, Sourcing the Arab Spring, April 2012
  • International Group Crisis, Popular Protest in North Africa and Middle East, Making sens of Libya, Report N° 207, June 2011.
12 Moroccan Arab Spring
  • Mohsine El Ahmadi and Aziz Radi: Morocco’s February 20th Movement: Has This Protest Movement Petered Out” in Mohsine El Ahmadi and Stuart Schaar (eds), Birth of the Arab Citizen and the Changing Middle East. Northampton, MA: Interlink Publishing, March 2014.
  • The Political Party Experience in Morocco: Driss Jendari. Arab Centre for Research and Policy Studies, Doha, April 2014.

 

  • Field Study to the Parliament
13 Final Exam  

 

Required readings: 
  • John Ruedy, Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992
  • Clement Henry Moore, Tunisia since Independence: The Dynamics of One-Party Government (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1965),
  • Frank Tachau (editor), Political Parties of the Middle East and North Africa, London: Mansell 1994.
  • Clement Henry Moore, ‘Political Parties’ in I. William Zartman and William Mark Habeeb (Editors), Polity and Society in Contemporary North Africa (Boulder: Westview, 1993).
  • Michael J. Willis, ‘Political Parties in the Maghreb: Ideology and Identification: A Suggested Typology’, The Journal of North African Studies (Volume 7, Number 3, 2002).
  • Rkia El-Mossadeq, ‘Political Parties and Power Sharing’ in I. William Zartman (Editor), The Political Economy of Morocco (Praeger, New York, 1987).                                                                                                                               
  • Milbrath, Lester W. Political Participation: How and Why Do People Get Involved in Politics? Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971.
  • Ellen Lust-Okar, and Zerhouni Saloua, Political Participation in the Middle East, (Boulder: Lynne Rienner 2008).
  • Schwedler, Jillian, and Laryssa Chomiak. “And the Winner Is . . . Authoritarian Elections in the Arab World,” Middle East Report, (2006 (238): 12–19).
  • Michael Bonner, Megan Reif, Mark Tessler (Editors). Islam, Democracy and the State in Algeria, Routledge Curzon, London, 2005
  • I.W. Zartman (Editor), Political Elites in Arab North Africa. Longman, New York, 1982.
  • Rkia El-Mossadeq, ‘Political Parties and Power Sharing’ in I. William Zartman (Editor), The Political Economy of Morocco (Praeger, New York, 1987).
  • Michael J. Willis, 'Political Parties in the Maghreb: The Illusion of Significance?’ The Journal of North African Studies, Volume 7, Number 2, 2002
  • Michael Collins Dunn, ‘The An-Nahda Movement in Tunisia: From Renaissance to Revolution’ in John Ruedy (ed.), Islamism and Secularism in North Africa (London: MacMillan, 1994)
  • David Crawford, ‘Morocco’s Invisible Imazighen’ The Journal of North African Studies (Volume 7, Number 1, Spring 2002).
  • Azzedine Layachi, ‘The Berbers in Algeria: politicized Ethnicity and Ethnicized Politics’ in Maya Shatzmiller (Editor), Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies, McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston, 2005
  • Azzedine Layachi, State, Society and Democracy in Morocco: The Limits of Associative Life, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, 1998
  • Driss Maghraoui, “The Dynamics of Civil Society in Morocco”, in Ellen Lust-Okar, and Zerhouni Saloua,
  • Political Participation in the Middle East, Boulder: Lynne Rienner 2008
  • Volker Perthes, “Politics and Elite Change in the Arab World,” In Volker Perthes (ed.), Arab Elites: Negotiating the Politics of Change, Boulder: Lynne Rienner 2004
  • Abdeslam Maghraoui, “Democratization in the Arab World: Depoliticization in Morocco,” Journal of Democracy (13, 2002 (4): 24–32).