Histories and Legends of Paris

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Course Information
Discipline(s): 
History
Terms offered: 
Fall, Spring, Summer
Credits: 
3
Language of instruction: 
French
Prerequisites: 

None

Contact Hours: 
45
Description: 

This course is an introduction to the history of Paris, the administrative and cultural center of France. It is a general overview of the history of France and its capital Paris. The historical period studied goes back to the origins of the creation of Paris from the Gallo-Roman period until the present, following a chronological timeline. For pedagogical reasons the seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries are at the heart of this teaching. The history of France, the study of morals and society, the artistic and cultural history, including architecture and urban planning etc. , occupy a major place in our discussion. Paris, its social life and its architecture have attracted the attention of painters, writers, photographers and filmmakers. This is the representation or the iconography of Paris that we also discuss. In summary: This course is an introduction to the history of Paris. It is a general overview and an induction course.

Attendance policy: 

Attendance is mandatory. Please note that absences and tardies will prevent you from fully understanding the material of the course and lowers your final grade. In case of illness, please alert your professor and the academics coordinator.

Learning outcomes: 

After finishing this course, students will be able to :

  • Demonstrate a critical understanding of the history of Paris though stories, images, art, and architecture ;
  • Explain how a plurality of histories and legends can shape the image of a city;
  • Read the city of Paris as a historical text;
  • Debate current issues that will determine the future of Paris;
  • Be better able to communicate in written and oral French as a result of class discussions and graded assignments.
Method of presentation: 
  • Structured lesson on relevant issues
  • PowerPoint presentations which can be found on Moodle
  • Student discussions in response to the question of the day
  • Readings
  • Student presentations
  • Art and Architecture images
  • Visits to museums, monuments, neighborhoods
  • Debates
Field study: 
  • Notre Dame Cathedral
  • Le Marais
  • La Montagne Sainte-Geneviève
  • Montparnasse Cemetary
  • Carnavalet Museum
Required work and form of assessment: 
  • Oral Summary - 25%
  • Regular attendance and participation in courses/visits - 25%
  • Dossier - 25%
  • Final Exam - 25%

Oral Summary
You will choose a novel from the proposed list to make an oral presentation or summary of 10-15 minutes (where you will submit the author, the book: the main characters and the plot, with your opinion).  This presentation will take place at the end of the course on a specific date that we will have settled together.  No additional time will be granted for the presentation: any lateness will result in the decrease of the note in proportion to the number of days of delay.
Participation
You are required to prepare the oral question on one or several text(s) of the booklet reproduced on Moodle. Most of the visits are accompanied by a debate/discussion (sometimes with articles to comment on) after the visit on the Moodle forum and/or in class. Oral participation is essential throughout the semester. Your presence is obligatory in all class sessions and visits.
Dossier
2 page minimum. Students will choose a character, monument, neighborhood or problem related to Paris (a list or options will be provided in the first class) or it may be a personal text, an autobiography of your experience in Paris.  Students must follow the methodology explained in class.  Delays in submission of this assignment will result in proportional decreases of the grade.  Plagiarism will not in any case be accepted by IES.  Any student who commits an act of plagiarism will receive an "F" for the course. When you copy a information, you must cite the source.
Exams
2 in-class exams in the form of short answer questions covering all topics from the course content and PowerPoint presentations. The use of dictionaries is authorized during the exams.

content: 

Session

Content

Readings

Session 1 Introduction: Presentation of Course Content and Evaluations, the geography of Paris  
Session 2 The First Paris

Recommended Reading: D. Busson & N. Alix, Paris, ville antique, Monum, 2001.

Recommended Reading: D. Chadych & D. Leborgne, Atlas de Paris : évolution d’un paysage urbain, Parigramme, 2007.

Recommended Reading: P. Velay, Paris : genèse de la capital, CNRS, 2009.

Session 3 The First Paris (cont.)

Recommended Reading: S. Roux, Paris au Moyen-Âge, Hachette, 2003.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, Atlas de Paris au Moyen Âge…, Parigramme, 2006.

Site Visit Notre Dame Cathedral  
Session 4 Paris from the Middle Ages to the 12th and 15th centuries

Required Reading: Le Baptême de la rue Etienne Marcel, Course book, p.41.

Required Reading: L’ouverture du musée de Cluny, Course book, p.47.

Recommended Reading: N. Chaudun, L'ABCdaire de Paris, Paris, Flammarion, 1998.

Recommended Reading: J. W. Baldwin, Paris 1200, Aubier, 2006.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, La Sorbonne, RMN, 2007.

Recommended Reading: Fabrice Masanès, Les Voyages d’Outremer, Taschen, 2009.

Session 5 The Classical Age and the Renaissance

Recommended Reading: Collectif, Paris formes urbaines et architectures, Recherches, 1998.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, Rêves de capitale. Paris et ses plans d’embellissement, BNF, 2003.

Recommended Reading: D. Chadych, Le Marais : évolution d’un paysage, Parigramme, 2005.

Recommended Reading: A. Gady, Les Hôtels particuliers de Paris, Parigramme, 2008.

Recommended Reading: P. Simon, Paris visite guide, Pavillon de l’Arsenal, 2009.

Site Visit Le Marais  
Session 6 The Classical Age and Urbanism

Required Reading: Molière meurt sur les planches, Course book, p.46.

Required Reading: Le Grand Louvre ouvre ses portes, Course book, p.54.

Recommended Reading: P. Chaunu, La Mort à Paris, Fayard, 1978.

Recommended Reading: F. Choay, L’urbanisme, Seuil, 1979.

Recommended Reading: P. Higonnet, Les Mythes de Paris, Collège de France, 1999.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, Le quartier du Louvre au XVIIe siècle, RMN, 2001.

Session 7 The Century of the Lumières, Rousseau, Voltaire and Diderot

Recommended Reading: E. Cassirer, La Philosophie des Lumières, Fayard, 1990.

Recommended Reading: D. Rabreau, Paris capitale des arts sous Louis XV, William Blake & Co, 1997.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, Le Paris des Lumières : d’après le plan de Turgot (1734-1739), RMN, 2005.

Recommended Reading: S. Van Damme, Paris capitale philosophique, Odile Jacob, 2005.

Recommended Reading: B. Marchand, Les Ennemis de Paris : la haine de la grande ville de Lumières à nos jours, PUR, 2009.

Session 8 The Century of the Lumières: Rousseau, Voltaire and Diderot

Required Reading: La Mort de Louis XVI, Course book, p.42.

Required Reading: Paris contre Versailles, Course book, p.56.

Required Reading: Le Cinquième arrondissement, Course book, p.10-22.

Recommended Reading: A. Farge, Vivre dans la rue à Paris au XVIIIe siècle, Gallimard, 1992.

Recommended Reading: D. Roche, Le Peuple de Paris. Essai sur la culture populaire au XVIIIe siècle, Fayard, 1998.

Session 9 The French Revolution and the 19th century

Recommended Reading: B. Marchand, Paris histoire d’une ville : XIX-XXe siècle, Seuil, 1993.

Recommended Reading: J. Garrigues & P. Lacombrade, La France au XIXe siècle, Armand Colin, 2007.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, La France au XIXe siècle, PUF, 2008.

Site Visit La Montagne Sainte-Geneviève  
Session 10 The 19th century and review for mid-term exam

Required Reading: Victor Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris, Course book, p.61.

Required Reading: Guide du routard, Course book, p.65.

Recommended reading: W. Benjamin, Paris capitale du XIXe siècle, Allia, 2003.

Session 11 Midterm Exam  
Session 12 Paris under Napoleon and the First Empire

Required Reading: La Réforme du numérotage des maisons, Course book, p.45.

Required Reading: Le Sacre de Napoléon, Course book, p.55.

Recommended Reading: G. Poisson, Napoléon Ier et Paris, Tallandier, 2002.

Recommended Reading: A. Fierro, La Vie des parisiens sous Napoléon, Ed. Napoléon Ier, 2004.

Site Visit Montparnasse Cemetary  
Session 13 The Restauration, the 2nd Empire and the start of the 3rd Republic

Required Reading: L’Espace, Course book, p.68-71.

Recommended Reading: P. de Moncan & C. Heurteux, Le Paris d’Haussmann, Du Mécène, 2002.

Recommended Reading: A. Fierro, Paris au jour le jour, Arcadia, 2005.

Recommended Reading: M. Gaillard, Paris sous le Second Empire, Presses du village, 2005.

Session 14 Paris: Capitol of the Arts

Required Reading: Emile Zola, Paris, Course book, p.91-92.

Required Reading: Les Impressionnistes sur tous les tableaux, Course book, p.49.

Recommended Reading: P. Ory, 1889 l’Expo universelle, Complexe, 1999.

Recommended Reading: K. Stierle, La Capitale des signes : Paris et son discours, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 2001.

Recommended Reading: S. Wilson, Paris capitale des arts 1900-1968, Hazan, 2004.

Recommended Reading: D. Lobstein & Collectif, Paris et ses expositions universelles, Ed. du Patrimoine, 2009.

Session 15 Paris: Capitol of the arts

Recommended Reading: F. Besse & J. Godeau, Tableaux parisiens : Du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Parigramme, 2005.

Recommended Reading: S. Lemoine, Les Salons au XIXe siècle : Paris capitale des arts, La Martinière, 2006.

Recommended Reading: H. Rochette, Maisons d’écrivains et d’artistes…, Parigramme, 2007.

Session 16 Paris: Capitol of the arts: The representation of Paris in photography

Required Reading: Alfred Delvau, Dictionnaire de la langue verte, Course book, p.73-74.

Required Reading: Le Mythe, Course book, p.57-59.

Recommended Reading: Beaumont-Maillet, Paris-Atget, Hazan, 2003.

Recommended Reading: J-C. Gautrand, Paris mon amour, Taschen, 2004.

Recommended Reading: Charles Marville, Paris photographié au temps d’Haussmann, Mécène, 2008.

Session 17 The 20th Century

Recommended Reading: M. Ragon, Histoire de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme modernes, Seuil, 1991.

Recommended Reading: L. Fouladou, Paris à l’aube du XXe siècle, Alain Sutton, 2005.

Site Visit Carnavalet Museum  
Session 18 Paris under the Nazi Occupation

Required Reading: Emile Zola, Paris, Course book, p.91-92.

Required Reading: Les Impressionnistes sur tous les tableaux, Course book, p.49.

Recommended Reading: Collectif, La Propagande sous Vichy, Musée d’histoire contemporaine, 1990.

Recommended Reading: P. Ory, La France allemande, Gallimard, 1995.

Recommended Reading: J-P. Rioux, La vie culturelle sous Vichy, Complexe, 1999.

Recommended Reading: R. Paxton, La France de Vichy, Seuil, 2000.

Session 19 After the War, from General de Gaulle to François Mitterrand

Recommended Reading: S. Texier, Paris contemporain : de Haussmann à nos jours, Parigramme, 2005.

Recommended Reading: S. Texier, Paris grammaire de l’architecture XXe-XXIe siècle, Parigramme, 2009.

Session 20 After the War, from General de Gaulle to François Mitterrand and the 20th Century

Required Reading: La Rafle du Vél’ D’Hiv’, Course book, p.52.

Required Reading: L’inauguration du Centre Pompidou, Course book , p.44.

Required Reading: L’Utopie manquée des cités-dortoirs, Course book, p.95-96.

Recommended Reading: S. Texier, Paris contemporain : de Haussmann à nos jours, Parigramme, 2005.

Recommended Reading: S. Texier, Paris grammaire de l’architecture XXe-XXIe siècle, Parigramme, 2009.

Session 21 Images of Paris and Tourism in the Capital in the 21st Century, Review for Final Exam  
Session 22 Final Exam  

 

Required readings: 
  • Le Cinquième arrondissement, Course book, p.10-22.
  • Le Baptême de la rue Etienne Marcel, Course book, p.41.
  • La Mort de Louis XVI, Course book, p.42.
  • L’inauguration du Centre Pompidou, Course book , p.44.
  • La Réforme du numérotage des maisons, Course book, p.45.
  • Molière meurt sur les planches, Course book, p.46.
  • L’ouverture du musée de Cluny, Course book, p.47.
  • Les Impressionnistes sur tous les tableaux, Course book, p.49.
  • La Rafle du Vél’ D’Hiv’, Course book, p.52.
  • Le Grand Louvre ouvre ses portes, Course book, p.54.
  • Le Sacre de Napoléon, Course book, p.55.
  • Paris contre Versailles, Course book, p.56.
  • Le Mythe, Course book, p.57-59.
  • Victor Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris, Course book, p.61.
  • Guide du routard, Course book, p.65.
  • L’Espace, Course book, p.68-71.
  • Alfred Delvau, Dictionnaire de la langue verte, Course book, p.73-74.
  • Emile Zola, Paris, Course book, p.91-92.