A history of Berlin focusing on the period from 1815 to the present. The course examines changes in the political role and economic structure, the social development, and the cultural and architectural history of Berlin. Topics covered in this course include Berlin as a cultural center in literature, the fine arts, cabaret, and theater as well as urban planning and the division and unification of a modern city. Special emphasis will be given to Berlin as a leading metropolis in Europe, especially in the Twenties of the 20th century. Particular attention is paid to the reunification of Germany in 1990 and the postwar period after 1945.