Emperor and Empire
The Roman Empire in the I-III centuried AD
- Goodman, The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 (chs. 9-15).
- Barrow, The Romans, pp. 163-174 (handout)
Roman Religion and the Imperial Cult
The structure of the Roman State religion. The Emperor and divine rulership.
- Goodman, The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 (ch. 29)
Aspects of Roman Rule in the Provinces: Conquest, Pacification, and Romanization
- Goodman, The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 (chs 23, 28).
Field Study: Roman Forus, Palatine, Imperial Fora
- Claridge, Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide, pp. 61ff.
Roman Rule in Palestine
Roman rule in Palestine from Augustus to Hadiran: Religion and politics in Judea.
- Goodman, The Roman World 44BC-AD 180 (ch 26)
- Josephus, The Wars of the Jews, Book II and Book VI. www.gutenberg.org., War of the Jews
Judaism, Messianism and Christianity
Using the Qum’ran documents, we will place Jesus into the context of 1st century messianic movements. The message of Christianity. The early Christian church in Jerusalem.
- Goodman, The Roman World 44 BC- AD 180 (ch. 30).
- Martinez/Watson, The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran texts in English, pp. XXVI-XLIV
- “The Commentary on Habakkuk” (pp.197-202)
- “Acts of the Apostles” in the Oxford Annotated Bible.
Early Christian Communities
The spread of Christianity to the Greco-Roman world: the preaching of Paul and the first communities in Rome.
- Goodman, The Roman World 44 BC- AD 180 (ch. 31).
- Ehrman, After the New Testament,
- “Justin: Dialogue with Trypho” (pp. 18-24),
- “Letter of Ignatius to the Romans (pp. 28-30),
- “Justin: First Apology” (pp. 57-65),
- “Athenagoras: Plea Regarding the Christians” (pp. 65-71),
- “The Didache” (pp. 346-347).
- Paul’s “Letter to the Romans” in The Oxford Annotated Bible (handout).
The relationship between early Christian communities and the Roman structure of government.
- Tacitus, Annals, Passages 15.37 – 15.44 (handout).
- “Letter of Gaius Plinius to the Emperor Trajan” (handout).
- Ehrman, After the New Testament
- “The Martyrdom of Polycarp” (pp. 30-35),
- “The Letter of the Churches of Vienne and Lyons” (pp. 35-41),
- “The Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicitas” (pp.42-50),
- Wilken, The Christians as the Romans Saw Them, pp.48-67 (handout).
Film Viewing: “The Inquiry”
Field Study: Tomb of Saint Peter and Basilica
Field Study: Colosseum and Arch of Constantine
- Claridge, Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide, pp. 268-292 (on Reserve).
From the Revolution of Constantine to the Apotheosis under Theodosius
How the politics of a fading Empire determined the acceptance and the final triumph of Christianity.
- Krautheimer, Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture (chs. 2 and 7; pp.127-130).
- “The Edict of Milan”, (handout)
- “The Edict of Toleration”, (handout)
- Eusebius, “Priviledges”, (handout)
- Theodosius, Antipagan Legislation (handout)
Field Study: Catacombs of San Callisto
- Fiocchi-Nicolai-Bisconti-Mazzoleni, The Christian Catacombs of Rome: History, Decoration, Inscriptions, pp.9-60 (handout).
Film Viewing: “Agora”
The Beginnings of Christian Art and Architecture in Rome
Early Christian iconography in Roman catacombs, sarcophagi and paintings.
- Krautheimer, Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture (ch. 1).
- Fiocchi-Nicolai-Bisconti-Mazzoleni, The Christian Catacombs of Rome. History, Decoration, Inscriptions (ch. II).
Field study: Basilica di Santa Sabina